Business Ethics and Leadership (BEL)

ISSN (print) – 2520-6761
ISSN (online) – 2520-6311

Open access journal

Editor-in-Chief: Dr. Prof. Tetyana Vasilyeva

Scientific Peer-Reviewed Open Access Journal – Business Ethics and Leadership (BEL), ISSN (print) – 2520-6761, ISSN (online) – 2520-6311 was founded by Sumy State University, Ukraine in 2016 and registered by the Ministry of Justice of Ukraine (Certificate No. KB 22527 – 12427Р from December 14, 2016).

It was founded by Sumy State University.

The language of publication is English.

Issued quarterly

Open access statement

This journal allows readers to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of its articles and to use them for any other lawful purpose with due acknowledgement (citation) to authors and the journal.

Contact us:

or Managing Editor

Current issue

See all volumes and issues

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Aims and scope Instruction for authors Editorial and Review Board Indexing Peer review process Article processing charge 9 steps to publishing in scientific journal

The Journal of Business Ethics and Leadership promotes the development of scientific cooperation and international dissemination of theoretical and empirical research, as well as the best global democratic practices regarding ethical standards and leadership in business, trade, management, public administration and education.

Our journal publishes original articles of basic and applied research, conceptual and empirical papers, conference papers, case studies and critical reviews.

Key topics:

  • Honesty, transparency, standards, reputation, fairness and ethics in business, trade, management, public administration and education (academic integrity);
  • Corporate social responsibility and social entrepreneurship;
  • Leadership and innovation in business, entrepreneurship,education, corporate and public management;
  • Social justice, gender equality, social equality, protection of corporal and personal rights and freedoms;
  • Behavioral economics, social psychology, effective and ethical business communications and public relations;
  • Public-private and intersectoral partnership, harmonization of interests of stakeholders;
  • Management of human capital, management, organizational culture, motivation, professional ethics;
  • Client-oriented business management, quality of services, protection of consumer interests;
  • Introduction of democratic practices in social and economic processes.

Only articles that have passed the double-blind peer review process will be published.

Each article before it is accepted for printing, is tested for plagiarism with the help of Unicheck software products.

Each article is assigned an international digital identifier DOI (Digital Object Identifier).

The implementation of the journal’s editorial policy is carried out within the framework of the activities of ARMG Publishing Center of the Sumy State University.

The journal’s recommendation to the press is given by the Academic Council of Sumy State University on the recommendation of the editor-in-chief.

The acceptance rate of submitted papers is about 25-30%.

Manuscript organization

Open access

Journals “Business Ethics and Leadership”, “SocioEconomic Challenges” and “Financial Markets, Institutions and Risks” use an open access model. It means that articles are publicly available to all, free of charge and without restriction and allows our readership to read, download, copy and print full versions of texts.

General guidelines for authors

Articles should be between 3000 and 7500 words in length.

All submissions should be formatted in the following way: typewritten in 11 Times New Roman, double-spaced, no page numbers, no page breaks, and with no tables or figures included within the text. Article files should be provided in Microsoft Word format.

The paper organization is the following:

Article Title

A title of not more than ten words should be provided. The title should present the study design.

Author Details

  • Full name.
  • Place of work / study (in full).
  • Position.
  • Scientific degree.
  • Academic rank.
  • Work address.
  • Work telephone.
  • Address for correspondence.
  • Contact number.
  • E-mail.
  • ORCID (one can register here:

An Open Researcher and Contributor Identifier (ORCID iD) is a unique and persistent digital identifier used to disambiguate researchers from one another. Created by ORCID, this iD helps ensure that work is properly attributed and that you receive credit for everything you do. It integrates with other identifiers (e.g., ResearcherID, Scopus and LinkedIn) and databases (e.g., Crossref) to centralize your research outputs and professional profiles. Your ORCID iD remains the same regards of whether you change your name, your institution, your country or your field of research and provides a unique and permanent marker of your scholarly contributions.

All information must be complete and accurate.


The abstract should be 250-300 words. The abstract should indicate the purpose of the article, briefly describe the author’s contribution to the solution of the scientific issue, determine the scientific novelty and the practical significance of the results obtained, give the main conclusions of the study. The text of the abstract should be concise, clear, free of secondary information, give a clear and objective notion about the essence of the article. It should not contain results that are not presented and not substantiated in the main text of the article. The abstract should not contain abbreviations and citation.


The keywords are presented in the article in order to attract the attention of interested readers, to simplify the search of the manuscript through searchers. The number of keywords (phrases) should be from 4 to 10, which are given in alphabetical order.

JEL Classification

Our articles are classified according to the JEL classification codes (this is a system of codes for the topic of publications in economics, developed by the Journal of Economic Literature (JEL) and is available on the website of the American Economic Association The article should contain from 1 to 5 JEL codes, each of which should consist of three characters (for example, D80, Z19). If the author has difficulties in defining the JEL code, then he has the opportunity to ask for help from the managing editor.

Main text of the paper:


In the introduction, the essence and purpose of the research, the formulation of the problem in general terms and its connection with other scientific or practical tasks, the detailed description of the current state of the problem under study are indicated. The purpose of the introduction is to provide the reader with complete information about the problem and possible ways of its solution, summarize the relevance of the research, its scientific and practical significance.

Literature Review

This section gives the analysis of research and publications, which set the beginning of the solution of this problem and which are the basis for the author / authors. The unresolved issues are allocated, which are part of the general problem, which the article is devoted to.

Methodology and research methods (if necessary)

This section gives a brief description of the positive and negative methodological experience, determines the hypotheses that underlie the research, scientific theories and schools, within which this research is carried out, methodological and empirical limitations of the research.

This section also describes the methods of data collection and processing used in the study, the empirical bases of the study. If the article contains the results of sociological research, then the name of the organization or persons who conducted the research should be noted as well as the type of research, the period of its conduct and the range of the analyzed data, the sampling error, methods of data collection (for example, interviews, observations, experiments, analysis of the content etc.) and so on. If the article contains the results of statistical analysis of data, then this section describes the applied methods of data analysis, gives the characteristics of the adequacy and reliability of the results obtained, provides information on the sources of statistical information, databases, etc.

The methodology and methods should be described with sufficient details to allow the reader to verify the results of the study. If there are any restrictions on the disclosure of part of the information or access to data, this should be indicated in this section.


This section presents the basic material of the research with the full justification of the received scientific results. The submitted material must be logically linked, clearly stated, and have the appropriate structure (if necessary, each part may have a name). During the presentation of the material, the scientific style should be followed.

Conclusions, Discussion and Recommendations

This section is a concise summary of the main findings of the study. Revealed new phenomena and confirmed facts should be described and accompanied by an appropriate comment. The conclusions should be logically consistent with the title and purpose of the article, thorough, contain a comparison of the results with the analogues, recommendations for their implementation. It is advisable to give a clear vision of the prospects for further research in this area.

Acknowledgements and Research Funding (if necessary)

In this section, the authors provide information on the organization or individual supporting the study. It is also possible to mention other persons who participated in the research (technicians, laboratory assistants, etc.). Referring to the source of funding for the research, it is mandatory to indicate the name of the fund, the name and number of the grant (research topic).

List of Abbreviations (if necessary)

If abbreviations are used in the text they should be defined in the text at first use, and in this section a list of abbreviations should be provided in alphabetical order.


The correct link in the article text to the source, listed in the literature list at the end of the article, should be as follows:

  • for the work of one author – indicate the author’s last name (Adams, 2006);

  • for the work of two authors – indicate the last names of the two authors (Adams and Brown, 2006) or the name of the first author followed by “et al. ”;

  • for the works of several authors – indicate the last name of the first author followed by “et al. ” (Adams et al., 2006).

References should be listed in alphabetical order by the first author’s last name at the end of the article. References to other publications must be carefully checked for completeness and accuracy.

For example:

Journal article

Author, A.A., Author, B.B., Author, C.C., Author D.D. (2005). Title of article. Title of Journal, Vol. (No.), 49-53.

Article by DOI

Slifka, M.K., & Whitton, J.L. (2000). Clinical implications of dysregulated cytokine production. Journal of Molecular Medicine, doi:10.1007/s001090000086.


Timoshenko S.P., Young D.H., Weaver W. (1974). Vibration problems in engineering. 4th ed. New York, Wiley. 521 p.

Online document

Abou-Allaban, Y., Dell, M. L., Greenberg, W., Lomax, J., Peteet, J., Torres, M., & Cowell, V. (2006). Religious/spiritual commitments and psychiatric practice.

Resource document. American Psychiatric Association. Accessed 25 June 2007.


If Appendixes are provided, they appear on a new page after the figures. Multiple appendixes are labeled with letters (Appendix A, Appendix B).


All figures (diagrams, line drawings, web pages/screenshots and photo images) should be submitted in electronic form. Submit figures as separate high-resolution (300 dpi) JPEG, PDF or PNG images. All figures should be of high quality and clear. They should be numbered consecutively with arabic numerals in accordance with their position in the text. The text of the article should refer to all the figures. Diagrams and drawings can be black-and-white or colored. Each figure should have a name that is placed beneath symmetrically to the text. Explanations to the figures should be concise, meaningful, reveal the symbols and abbreviations used in them.


Tables should be typed and included in a separate file to the main body of the article. The text of tables should be written using Times New Roman 10pt. The position of each table should be clearly stated in the body text of article. Do not submit tables as non-editable images. All tables should be numbered consecutively in accordance with their position in the text, each of which should contain a link in the text of the article. The table header should be short and reveal the table content. If it is necessary to provide a note to the text of the table explaining the abbreviation, or possible error in the calculations given in the table and so on, then it should be listed below the table.


All formulas in the article should be numbered sequentially, beginning with (1) to the end of the article, including attachments. The number should be given in parentheses to the right of the formula in the same line with the formula. This number of the formula should be used when referencing it later in the text of the article (for example, equation (1)). Formulas and equations must be created in Microsoft Equation or Math Type editors in MS Word. They must be editable, all characters must be clearly identified (upper and lower case letters, other symbols, upper and lower indices, avoidance of confusion, for example, between zero and the letter “o” etc.). After the formulas, explanations to all the characters and units in which they are measured should be given.


All papers are published in English.

Copyright and author’s rights

Articles submitted to the journal should not have been published before in their current or substantially similar form, or be under consideration for publication with another journal. Authors submitting articles for publication warrant that the work is not an infringement of any existing copyright and will indemnify the publisher against any breach of such warranty. For ease of dissemination and to ensure proper policing of use, papers and contributions become the legal copyright of the publisher unless otherwise agreed.

We take issues of sscientific misconduct, copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We are focused on the rights protection of our authors. Also we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles will be checked with duplication-checking software by using Unicheck.

This Journal provides authors with CC BY license. It permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The CC BY license permits commercial and non-commercial reuse.

  • Tetyana Vasilyeva

    Head of the Editorial Board, Dr, Professor, Director of the Oleg Balatsky Academic and Scientific Institute of Finance, Economics and Management, Head of Centre “ARMG Publishing”, Sumy State University, Ukraine.

    Research interests: Finance, Banking, Investment, Innovation, Management, Education
  • Alexandru Trifu

    PhD, Lecturer and Associate Professor, Director of the “Petre Andrei” Research Institute, Romania.

    Research interests: General Economics (Micro and Macro economics, Development, Regionalization, Globalization), Theory of the Firm, Insurances, International Marketing, Tourism Techniques, Macroeconomics Finance.
  • MICHAEL Biju

    PhD, Associate Professor and Chair of Moral Theology, Faculty of Theology, Jerusalem Campus of the Salesian Pontifical University, Israel.

    Research interests: Ethics in Economic Life, Moral Theology.
  • Bahaudin G. Mujtaba

    Dr, Professor, Nova Southeastern University, USA.

    Research interests: Teaching management, leadership, human resources, international management
  • Saif Siddiqui

    Dr, Assistant Professor, Centre for Management Studies, Jamia Millia Islamia-Central University, New Delhi, India.

    Research interests: Finance, Entrepreneurship
  • HK Pradhan

    Dr, Professor of Finance & Economics, Chair, Financial Market Centre, XLRI School of Business, Jamshedpur, India.

    Research interests: Econometrics, Risk Management and Insurance, Financial Economics
  • Lukman Ayinde Olorogun

    Dr, Finance/Islamic Banking & Finance, International Islamic University Malaysia.

    Research interests: insurance, risk exposures, education
  • Aloysius H. Sequeira

    Dr, Professor, School of management, National Institute of Technology Karnataka, India.

    Research interests: Human Resource Management, Marketing, Management, Strategic Management,
  • Arthur John Cockfield

    Dr, Professor, Queen’s University Faculty of Law, Kingston, Canada.

    Research interests: Tax law, law and technology theory, privacy law, legal ethics
  • Živka Pržulj

    Dr, Full professor at Belgrade Banking Academy, Faculty for Banking, Insurance & Finance, Serbia.

    Research interests: Business Ethics, Business Ethics in Finances, Governing Human Resources, Corporative Culture
  • Elena Stavrova

    PhD, Associate Professor, Faculty of Economics, South-West University “Neofit Rilski”, Bulgaria.

    Research interests: Business Ethics, Financial Economics, Econometrics
  • Jay Desai

    Dr, Assistant Professor, Shri Chimanbhai Patel Institute of Management and Research, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India.

    Research interests: Financial Management and Risk Management
  • Ruchi Tewari

    PhD, Associate Professor, MICA-The School of Idea, Shela, Ahmedabad, India.

    Research interests: General Management and Communication, Сorporate communication and responsible business activity
  • Reshma Baig

    Dr, Assistant Professor of Sociology and Head of the department , Government First Grade College, India.

    Research interests: Sociology aspects
  • Roland Bardy
    Dr, Florida Gulf Coast University (USA), Wittenberg Center for Global Ethics (Member of the Board of the German Association and of the American Foundation).

    Research interests: Management Accounting, Leadership, Business Ethics, Knowledge Management and Sustainable Development
  • Maik Huettinger

    PhD, Associate Professor of Economics and Ethics, ISM–University of Management and Economics, Lithuania.

    Research interests: Critical Thinking in Economics, Post-autistic economics, International Economics, Airline business, Cross-cultural studies
  • Rajesh Srivastava

    Dr, Associate Professor, Management and Marketing Department Jennings A. Jones College of Business Middle Tennessee State University, USA.

    Research interests: Marketing and Management
  • Thomas Li-Ping Tang
    PhD, Professor of Management, Department of Management, Jones College of Business, Middle Tennessee State University, USA.
    Research interests: Economic Psychology, Money Attitudes, Pay Satisfaction, Meaning of Money, Love of Money, Monetary Intelligence, Business Ethics, Unethical Intentions, Temptation, Wok Motivation, Performance, QCs, Satisfaction, Stress, Cross-Cultural Issues.
  • Hanna Shvindina

    PhD, Associate Professor of the Department of Management, Deputy Director for R&D at Oleg Balatsky Academic and Scientific Institute of Finance, Economics and Management, Sumy State University, Ukraine.
    Research Interests: The Organizational Development and Evolution, Strategic Management, The Change Management, Conflicts Management, Coopetition, Cooperation & Competition, Paradox Management.
  • Artem Artyukhov

    PhD, Associate Professor, International Engineering Educator (ING-PAED IGIP), Processes and Equipment of Chemical and Petroleum Refinery Department, Sumy State University, Sumy, Ukraine.

  • Christophe Feltus

    Dr, R&T Associate at Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology, IT for Innovative Services, Luxembourg.

    Research Interests: IT security, IT governance, business IT/alignment and enterprise architecture modeling.
  • Victor Oltra

    Dr, Associate Professor – University of Valencia, Spain.

    Research Interests: Human Resource Management, Knowledge Management and Organizational Learning, Business Ethics and Corporate Social Responsibility, Innovation and Creativity in Organizations, Globalization Challenges. Academic, Entrepreneurship.
  • Massimo Pollifroni
    PhD, Associate Professor in Business Economics at the Department of Management of the University of Turin, Italy.
    Research Interests: Business Economics, Business Ethics, Corporate Social Responsibility, Diversity Management, Eco-Management, Financial Accounting, History of Business Economics, Lean Management, Product Management, Public Management and Public Sector Accounting.
  • Paola Demartini
    Full Professor of Accounting and Management at Roma Tre University, Italy.

    Research Interests: Intangibles, Intellectual Capital management control, Extra-financial Information and Corporate Governance.
  • Andreescu Nicoleta Alina

    PhD, Faculty of Energy Engineering and Industrial Management, University of Oradea, Romania.

    Research Interests: Economics, Business Ethics, CSR, E-learning, Marketing.
  • Elizabeth Chell
    PhD, Professor of Entrepreneurial behaviour & Research Consultant, Small Business Research Centre, Kingston University, UK.

    Research Interests: The Entrepreneurial personality, social enterprise and entrepreneurship, innovative characteristics of young people, gender issues and entrepreneurship, networking and entrepreneurship.
  • Evangelia Papaloi

    PhD, Tutor at the Hellenic Open University (Management of Educational Institutions), Greece.

    Research interests: Organizational Behavior, Educational Leadership and Adult Education.
  • Robert Rogowski

    PhD, Senior lecturer, Institute of Economics, State Higher Vocational School in Nowy Sacz.

    Research interests: Economic ethics, business ethics, entrepreneurship, economic sociology, methodology of economics and sociology.
  • Yuriy Petrushenko

    Dr, Professor, Head of the Department of International Economics, Sumy State University, Ukraine.

    Research interests: social and public finance, economic theory of social communications, theory of transformative learning.
  • Khurshid Djalilov

    PhD, Senior Lecturer in Strategy and Economics, Bournemouth University, UK.

    Research interests cover the area of strategy, emerging markets and transition economics as well as financial development.
  • Svetlana Komissarouk

    PhD, Postdoctoral Fellow Researcher at Higgins lab and at Morris lab, Columbia University, USA.

    Research interests: Cross Cultural Communication; Motivation and cognition; Prosocial Behavior; Judgment and decision making; Social communication.
  • Taras Finikov
    PhD, Professor, Honorary Professor of the Krakow Academy im.A.F.Modzhevsky, Krakow, Poland.
    Research interests: the problems of comparative analysis of the higher education development and transformation in Ukraine European and North American regions; third-world countries; analysis of legislation on higher education in various European regions; academic integrity, ethics and moral standards in the global and national, systems of higher education; the role of private educational institutions in Ukrainian higher education development and their role in formation of civil society institutions; strategic planning and management of higher education institutions.
  • Aleksandra Pejatović

    PhD, Associate professor at the Faculty of Philosophy University of Belgrade, Serbia.

    Research interests: value orientations of adults; educational needs of adults; vocational adult education and training; quality of life; evaluation in education; quality of education, career counselling and guidance.
  • Mara Del Baldo
    PhD, Associate Professor of Entrepreneurship and Small Business Management and of Financial Accounting at the University of Urbino, Italy.
    Research interests: entrepreneurship and small businesses; corporate social responsibility, sustainability and business ethics; SMEs and networking strategies; financial and integrated reporting; ethical, social and environmental accounting (SEAR) and gender(pink) accounting.
  • Krisztina Szegedi

    Dr Habil., Associate Professor, Faculty of International Management and Business, Budapest Business School, Hungary, Project Expert, University of Miskolc, Hungary.

    Research interests: Business Ethics, Corporate Ethics, Corporate Social Responsibility, Consulting Ethics, Social Entrepreneurship, Corporate Strategy, Global Corporate Strategy and Business Development.
  • John Tsalikis

    PhD, BMI Professor of Marketing, Department of Marketing, Florida International University, USA.

    Research interests: Business Ethics Index (Developed the Business Ethics Index, systematically measuring consumer perceptions of business ethical behavior).
  • Sorin-George Toma

    PhD, Professor, University of Bucharest, Faculty of Administration and Business, Romania.

    Research interests: economy, management, marketing, strategy, leadership.
  • Ihor Kobushko

    Dr, Professor, Department of Finance and Еntrepreneurship, Oleg Balatsky Academic and Scientific Institute of Finance, Economics and Management, Sumy State University, Ukraine.
    Research interests: Investment Market, Investment Analysis, Business Planning, Development of Small and Medium Business, Finance of Environmental Protection.
  • Arne Nygaard

    Dr, Professor of Marketing, Kristiania University College and at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway.
    Research interests: Vertical/horizontal integration, industrial organization, economic contracts and incentives, sustainability and green marketing and entrepreneurship and research strategy.
  • Gergely Tóth

    Dr Habil., Kaposvár University, Hungary.

    Research interests: Deep CSR, Bionomy, Economic Theology (integrated in Human Economics).
  • Mehmet Ferhat Özbek

    Dr, Associate Professor, Department of Human Resources Management, Faculty of Economics and Administrative Science, Gümüşhane University, Turkey.

    Research interests: Human Resource Management, Business Management, Labor Law.
  • Bogdan Ekstowicz

    Assistant Professor & Management Expert, University of Humanities and Economics in Łódź, Poland.

    Research interests: Project Management + International Project Management, organization and management in international region, European Integration, the issue of globalization, political science, history, international relations, diplomacy.
  • Gayane Tovmasyan

    PhD, Researcher at “AMBERD” Research Center, Armenian State University of Economics, Yerevan, Armenia.

    Research interests: business or sector economic research.
  • Marco Taliento

    PhD, Professor of Business Economics & Accounting, University of Foggia, Italy

    Research interests: international accounting, business combinations, intangible assets, corporate valuation and value relevance, governance, management & performance, business ethics, IPO.
  • Narine Vardanyan

    PhD, Ass. Professor at International Scientific – Educational Center of National Academy of Sciences Republic of Armenia

    Research interests: education and quality, modern languages, norm and usage in linguistics, public relations.
  • Dan Rodkin

    Dr, Associate Vice President for Student Affairs, Santa Fe College, United States of America

    Research interests: higher education administration, leadership development, student development theory, academic integrity, free speech.
  • Hafiz Imtiaz AHMAD

    PhD, CVA, MAFF, Assistant Professor and Director of Professional Enrichment, New York Institute of Technology, United Arab Emirates.

    Research interests: Accounting, Finance and Valuation.
  • David P. Schmidt

    PhD, Director, the Center for Applied Ethics, Fairfield University, USA.

    Research interests: Business Ethics, Ethical Reasoning, Academic Integrity.
  • Konstantin Kyrychenko

    Head of International Affairs Office, Sumy State University, Ukraine.

    Research interests: Ethics and Leadership in Education, Transparency of the Education Quality Assessment System, Interrelationship of Economic, Social and Political Processes.
  • Kathryn A. Nantz

    PhD, Professor, Roger M. Lynch Chair of Economics, Department Chairperson, Fairfield University, USA.

    Research interests: Labor Economics, Comparative Economic Systems, Economic Education.

  • External reviewers

    List of External Reviewers


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ulrichsweb pbn ECONBIZ

The process of reviewing scientific articles is an important stage in the publication process, which helps the editor-in-chief decide on the publication of the article, and the author himself – improve the manuscript.

Journal “Business Ethics and Leadership” have a system of double-blind peer review. This means that reviewers and authors remain anonymous.

The main criteria for articles selection are originality of scientific ideas and proposals, innovation of the scientific approach, significance of scientific results in its scientific field, theoretical basis of the article, quality and completeness of the review of existing research and publications, clarity of the research methodology, literacy and adherence to editorial requirements.

Manuscripts for review are sent to reviewers of the journal according to the field of their scientific interests.

Reviewers give one of the following recommendations:

  • accept the article for printing in its original form;
  • article requires minor corrections, which are indicated in the review;
  • substantial review of the article content is required, recommendations for the improvement of the material are indicated in the review;
  • reject the article on the basis, which is stated in the review.

The review reports with comments are sent to the authors.

Editorial Board makes the final decision about the submitted manuscripts.

The author receives comments and recommendations on improving the material submitted to the e-mail. The article review process lasts about 2 months.

The ideas and offers, stated in articles, not necessarily coincide with the point of view of the Editorial Board. The responsibility for reliability of the information in articles, accuracy of the titles, statistical data, names and citations is carried by the authors.

Each article before it is printed, is being tested for plagiarism with the help of Unicheck software products. In cases of plagiarism detection, the authors of the materials provided are considered responsible.

Materials submitted for publication in the journal “Business Ethics and Leadership” can not be published in other scientific publications.

The author, institution or sponsor of the research pays an article publication charge (APC) for the article publication. The article publication charge is carried out to the account of Sumy State University. The cost of publishing articles is set in accordance with the estimate, which is calculated as a rule, annually (can be periodically adjusted), and approved in accordance with the regulatory framework of Sumy State University. The payment is made after the acceptance of the article for publication. The payment for publication is made in the form of a subscription to the journal number, in which the article will be published. As of 01/01/2018, it is 1100 UAH. For authors, discounts are available, the decision on granting of which is made at the discretion of the Editor-in-Chief in consultation with the Publisher. informational and presentation materials can be placed in printed versions of the journal and on the website. The editorial board can also provide additional information and analytical paid services. Clarifications and consultations on all financial matters, as well as invoices are provided by the responsible editor:

Step 1. Preliminary submission of the article’s abstract. Preliminary submission to the editorial board of the abstract of the article will allow to assess its relevance to the topics of the selected journal. To do this, the corresponding author can send an abstract of the article to the e-mail of the responsible editor who should respond within a week. In electronic correspondence with managing editor, authors can receive an answer to all questions related to editorial policy, financial issues of publication, terms, etc.

Step 2. Submission of the full-text article to consideration. The corresponding author sends the full text of the article to the e-mail specified in the contacts of the selected journal. The article is considered by managing editor regarding the compliance with the topics and requirements of the selected journal. Managing editor must notify the corresponding author about the results of review not later than in a week.

The corresponding author must ensure that all the co-authors listed in the article have approved its final version, and also agreed to submit it to the publication. Article submission for publication in the journal provides that all authors (co-authors) approve its publication and all of them took part in the study and / or preparation of the article. When submitting an article for consideration by the editorial board, accurate and reliable contact information of corresponding author should be submitted, who will be fully responsible for all aspects related to ethical issues and the originality of the content of the article, act as the main contact in the event of any disputes and inquiries before or after the publication of the article. By submitting an article for publication, the authors (co-authors) should fully take into account the requirements of the editorial board and the publisher on the content and quality of the presentation of the original data. If necessary (at the request of the editor), the authors (co-authors) should provide the authorship or originality of the material presented, explanations in case of revealed inconsistencies in the disclosure of important information. The publication of the manuscript means that this article was not previously published and is not considered for publication in another journals and was approved by all co-authors and the institution in which the study was conducted. The publisher is not legally responsible for any claims.

Step 3. Checking the article for originality. The editor checks the submitted materials for originality using the Unicheck software product to detect plagiarism. The managing editor must notify the corresponding author about the results of checking not later than in a week.

Step 4. Author’s agreement. Authors will be sent an author’s agreement form for further filling. Each author must sign this agreement. The author’s agreement confirms that the content of the manuscript has not been published before but has not been posted for publication in another journal, all co-authors have no complaints about the placement of the article for subsequent publication.

Step 5. Reviewing the article. The article is sent to two reviewers for double-blind peer review. The reviewer and the author are anonymous. Author’s anonymity guarantees the fairness of the review process. Manuscripts for review are sent to the reviewers of the journal in the field of their scientific interests. Reviewers give one of the following recommendations: 1) accept the article for printing in its original form; 2) the article requires minor corrections, recommendations on which are indicated in the referee-report; 3) a substantial revision of the content of the article is needed, recommendations for improving the material are indicated in the referee-report; 4) reject the article on the basis that is noted in the referee-report. Reports of reviewers with comments and recommendations are sent to the corresponding author by e-mail. The process of reviewing the article takes up to 2 months.

Step 6. Acceptance of the article for publication. If, in the process of reviewing, recommendations were made for making certain corrections to the manuscript, the corresponding author should send the revised article along with the file “Response to comments of reviewers”, in which all expert comments should be answered. The final decision on the recommendation of this article to the press is taken by the editorial board.

Step 7. Article preparation for publication. All manuscripts accepted for publication are checked by a technical editor for stylistic and linguistic errors. If necessary, managing editor coordinates all questions with the author by e-mail. A revised version of the article is sent to the corresponding author for approval, which makes appropriate corrections if necessary and sends the final version of the article to the editorial board. Significant changes in the content of the article, for example, new results, corrections of the meaning, changes in the name of the manuscript and authorship, are permitted only if approved by corresponding editor.

Step 8. Journal’s release for open access on the Internet. At this stage, the final version of the article will be published on the web-site of the journal and is available on the Internet. Corresponding authors will be informed about this by e-mail. Authors cannot make any changes to the final electronic version downloaded from the official web site of the journal.

Step 9. Printing, circulation and distribution. Hard copies of the journal are sent to libraries, databases and corresponding authors. To order additional printed copies of the journal (for example, for co-authors), it is necessary to contact the managing editor of the journal.