, Dr, Associate Professor of Economics and Law in the Department of Economics, Faculty of Business and Economics, Mettu University, Ethiopia
This paper summarizes the arguments and counterarguments within the scientific discussion on the issues of population growth and socio-economic development in Ethiopia. The main purpose of the research is to analyze the relationships between population growth and socio-economic development in Ethiopia on broad scene and case study is supported to the Mettu town of Ethiopia. Systematization literary sources and approaches for solving the problem have been adopted for the data collection, methodology followed, analysis and presentation. The result indicates that there is a negative impact of population growth on socio-economic development in the town concern. The relevance of the de-cision of this scientific problem is that how population growth affects socio-economic development in the country. Investigation of the research topic on population growth and socio-economic develop-ment in Ethiopia have been carried out in the following logical sequence: the causes of population growth including both natural and migration particularly from rural to urban areas, how the population growth affects various socio-economic indicators like income, wealth and material possession etc. The methodological tools of the research methods were descriptive statistical analysis including quan-titative and qualitative techniques. The research is conducted recently particularly in the year 2018. The object of research is the chosen at country level, followed by regions, and town, because namely they Ethiopia, Oromia and Mettu respectively. The paper presents the results of an empirical analysis of population growth and its impact on the family size, dependence ratio and unemployment etc, which showed that high population directly affect the land fragmentation, shortage of food per capita at some household level, shortage of social and economic services and other co-related associated problems. The research empirically confirms and theoretically proves that there is an inverse relation-ship of population growth on socio-economic development in Ethiopia. The results of the research can be useful for the policy makers, academicians and researchers etc.
Keywords: population growth, socio-economic development, marriage polygamy and family planning.
JEL Classification: J11, O12, D12.
Cite as: Singh, SN (2019). Population Growths and Socio-Economic Development: An Analysis of Mettu Town of Ethiopia. SocioEconomic Challenges, 3(1), 52-63. http://doi.org/10.21272/sec.3(1).52-63.2019.
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